by michal michal

Book binding: the backbone of your publication

An indispensable part of the book block is a binding, protects the book block before damage, and creates a solid whole from the individual sheets, also giving the resulting form of the publication. We distinguish two basic types of bindings, both soft and rigid.

Softcovers

V1 (saddle stitching) is the basic and the lowest-priced type of binding. The individual sheets are embedded in the back. Then sewn together in the form of office spikes mostly in two places, along with an envelope. An envelope is mostly of the same material as a self-cover.

This binding is used hires for brochures and magazines.

The undisputed advantage of V1 is low cost and it does not automatically close after opening.

The main disadvantage is the short life of such a publication. The pages can be easily damaged. The maximum number of pages depending on the equipment and the thickness of the paper is 70-100 pages.

V2 (perfect binding) is the most widespread type of binding together with the saddle stitching. The individual folded sheets are stacked onto the folders. These folders are then glued back to the cover. The cover which is made of thicker material than the book block. A good binding for short novels, instructional literature, premium magazines. The most commonly used adhesives are Hot Melt for mass production and PUR when demanding a better life. The disadvantage of PUR is the drying time of 24-48 hours.

The advantage is that this binding is really solid and durable at a relatively low price.

The disadvantage of complicated prepress preparation and although binding firm and resistant to the leaves themselves are susceptible to damage due to the simple paper cover.

V4 (sewn binding) is a more durable version of V2. The components are stitched in the back with a fusible thread and are then sewn with a textile thread for the polygraphy. Binding is appropriate where a high lifespan is required, and where it is inappropriate to use solid boards, e.g. for catalogs, college textbooks, large content books.

An advantage is the good price/strength ratio compared to V2

Hardcovers

V7 this binding is a combination of V4 binding where the back of the block is coated with a fabric or other suitable material. This block is enclosed in a cover of solid boards that are coated with paper and printed according to the book’s theme. Binding is appropriate where long life and aesthetic appearance are required.

V8 is the most elaborate and robust type of binding, and also the most expensive, lasting attractiveness is, however, with this type of linkage at a completely different level than the previous types.

This binding consists of a book block, rigid, mostly plastic boards, link portion, front and rear endpapers. This type of binding is applied where there is a high demand for the period of use and protection of the book block. Especially for visual publications and all kinds of literature. Book boards can be coated with fabric, vinyl, leather, or other appropriate material. A booklet can be placed on the book that aesthetically or contentfully complements the publication.

The advantage is impressive book presentation and high value.

The disadvantage is the high financial costs. that may exceed the abovementioned boundaries several times and the great weight of such a book.

We believe that the article has been taught to you if you are not sure, consult with a Yamagata team and get a free quote within 24hrs of a questionnaire on our website at www.yamagata-slovakia.com or at the sales@yamagata- slovakia.com.

by michal michal

Principles for preparation of print data in PDF

In most cases, the customer will be responsible for the accuracy of the data provided. In the following paragraphs, we will describe the principles for the preparation of print data that ultimately can save you time and money and ensure that the work that the graphic designer has done in the preparation of the data will be displayed on the paper after printing.

You Should:

  • use PDF/X-1a:2001 standard for print data transfer
  • check if all embedded photos in the document are in print resolution 300 dpi in the CMYK, Greyscale or Black & White.
  • the document must have 3mm bleed on each side
  • check if all the fonts used in the document are embedded in the PDF
  • convert RGB colors to CMYK, be careful while converting black text, convert only to K (Black)
  • check if all the transparencies used in the document are merged in a high resolution
  • not use transmission functions (OPI)
  • check the set overlays  (black text, black lines, slots, etc.)
  • use only composite PDF
  • check direct colors, if they are not supposed to be in the document, convert them to the corresponding CMYK values or correctly mark them
  • not use special characters in the file names

We believe that the article has been taught to you. If you are not sure, consult with a Yamagata team and get a free quote within 24hrs of a questionnaire on our website at www.yamagata-slovakia.com or at the sales@yamagata- slovakia.com.

by michal michal

A Simple Difference Between RGB and CMYK

What is the difference between CMYK and RGB? The RGB and CMYK systems of colors are fundamentally different. At first, it does not look like it, but red doesn’t have to be red.

CMYK is a color mixing system and contains Cyan, Magenta, Yellow, and blacK. The resulting color when mixed is black, but such mixing is undesirable in the case of printing. If the color is not added, the background color, that is the paper, prevails. The black color is complementary. It is used for printing text and coloring of shades or in different densities for shades of gray.

RGB is a system for mixing lights, it contains Red, Green, and Blue. By mixing all the lights we get the white. By turning off the lights we get black color, the black screen. It is used in display devices such as smartphones, monitors, and televisions.

We believe that the article has been informative if you are not sure, consult with a Yamagata team member at the sales@yamagata-slovakia.com or you can use questionnaire on our website www.yamagata-slovakia.com and get a free quote within 24hrs.

by michal michal

The difference between digital and offset printing

You may already have noticed terms digital and offset printing. Are they same, or on the contrary, what are their advantages? What are they different about? I believe the following article will help you choose the right technology.

Offset printing is a production process that uses aluminum printing plates on which a thin layer of light-sensitive chemicals (film) is applied. The so-called plates are then used in the printer to transfer the image onto the rubber. Then it is transferred to the paper. Offset printing is great when a large number of copies, true color rendering, high print quality, professional work is required.

The disadvantage of offset is mainly high input costs. Demands for associated technologies and specialized personnel servicing, energy and space requirements.

Digital printing uses cartridges or toners to print, just like the printers we have at home or in our offices, or liquid pigments are used. Digital printing is mainly used when a small quantity is needed. Usually from 1 to 200 pieces of brochures, leaflets or business cards. The undisputed advantage of digital printing is its versatility. You can change input data during printing, such as a unique code on a winning voucher. This cannot be achieved by offset printing.

Offset prints are a great way to print many high-quality series of prints. However many customers do not need or want such a large amount of printed materials. For those, there is digital printing.

We believe that the article has been informative if you are not sure, consult with a Yamagata team member at the sales@yamagata-slovakia.com or you can use questionnaire on our website www.yamagata-slovakia.com and get a free quote within 24hrs.

by nancy nancy

6 basic things you should think about before printing your first publication.

Follow these 6 simple steps to make sure your first publication goes through smoothly with your printing company.

  1. Usageas with every item you plan to buy, it’s good to consider how it will be used,  will it be a catalog from which you expect many of your potential customers to browse or a simple brochure distributed by your employees to random passersby.
  2. Colorwhen printing on a paper, the CMYK color model is used, so it is important to create a CMYK color interface while creating graphics. CMYKs are complementary colors C (cyan), M (magenta), Y (yellow). Additional color K (black) is added to these colors. By printing these colors on a paper, full-color images are created. When it is a two-sided color printing we call it 4/4. If you want to have color printing on only one side, we label it as 4/0.
  3. Paperthe type of paper that will be used depends on the usage of a final product. As the basic division of different types of paper. We use uncoated paper as a basic paper if you need excellent text readability (books, instruction manuals). Coated paper is suitable for full-color printing (catalogs, magazines).
  4. Surface treatmentsurface coating is commonly used for varnishing or laminating. Both methods are used to increase print resistance. For basic protection, we consider varnishing. It prevents abrasion and color trapping when friction occurs between different sheets. It also helps the print stability of the printed materials when used frequently. Laminating is used when a high mechanical resistance of the print is required and is planned for long-term use.
  5. Bindingis an essential part of the book block and determines its form, its job is to protect the book from damage and to create a solid unit from individual sheets. Basic links are the so-called V1. It is the simplest bond when the individual sheet is embedded in itself and the associated.  V2 means that the individual sheets are glued.
  6. The number of pieces – tells us (if the customer does not choose himself) which technology will be used for production. Digital printing is suitable for small-scale production (several dozen pieces). Offset printing is suitable for large-scale production (several hundred to thousands).

We believe that the article has been informative if you are not sure, consult with a Yamagata team member at the sales@yamagata-slovakia.com or you can use questionnaire on our website www.yamagata-slovakia.com and get a free quote within 24hrs.